Note : Click on the GRAPH tab to see detailed graphs for this crisis and to graphically compare this data with other crises reports
The crisis and the response
Several key actors are reluctant to acknowledge evidence of the extent of the humanitar ian crisis: increased insecurity, high displacement (at least 297,000 IDPs and 2.89 million refugees), growing food insecurity and disrespect for human rights, especially of women and girls.
2009 was the worst year for civilian casualties since the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001.
Accessing the needs of affected populations is difficult, as more areas become no-go zones.
All major OECD/DAC donors (with the exception of Switzerland and Ireland) have shaped their aid support on the flawed assumption Afghanistan is a post-conflict country.
Donors funded 76 percent of the 2009 HAP target of US$665 million. Outside the appeal, donors provided an additional US$145 million.
OCHA reopened in Afghanistan in 2009 and set up an Emergency Response Fund.
Many humanitarian organisations were frustrated by continued use of Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs), which compromise impartiality and neutrality.
Politicisation of the crisis has violated principles of impartiality and neutrality and made humanitarian intervention difficult and dangerous.
The least funded cluster is health followed by nutrition, an inadequate response to protection in a country with some of the world’s worst health and nutrition indicators.
The same donors who call for greater transparency and accountability are consistently violating their own professed principles.
Key challenges and areas for improvement
Humanitarian workers must act to distinguish themselves from military personnel.
Donors must recognise the true scope of the humanitarian crisis and encourage separation of humanitarian response from military activities.
All conflict protagonists must be encouraged to respect humanitarian principles of independence and neutrality.
Donors must empower civil society and ensure aid is allocated only after thorough analysis of community needs and capacities.