Chad at a glance
Internal Power Struggle and Regional Humanitarian Crisis
The internal conflict in Chad is intertwined with the conflicts in the Darfur region of Sudan and that in the Central African Republic (CAR), creating a simultaneously localised and regional humanitarian crisis. The trans-boarder nature of the rebel groups and the support these receive from regional state actors is mirrored by the cross boarder movements of refugees from Darfur into eastern Chad (250,000), from CAR into southern Chad (50,000) and from Chad itself to Sudan (50,000) and Cameroon (12,000). There are a further 180,000 internally displaced persons.
The humanitarian response was generously funded, with 99 percent of the 2007 Consolidated Appeals Process funded – 84 percent provided by OECD DAC donors. Nevertheless, the complexity of the individual elements of the crisis, compounded by problems of humanitarian access caused by insecurity and logistical challenges, has resulted in patchy implementation. This has been exacerbated by shortcomings in coordination and linking relief and development. However, in some cases assistance to refugees and IDPs created better standards of living than that of the local population. Addressing livelihoods and development is crucial to fostering stability in the region.