The Risk Reduction Index (RRI) has emerged due to the growing need to understand how and why disaster risks are generated and, ultimately, how to deal with those risks in terms of reduction and mitigation. Disaster risk reduction plays an important role in the context of sustainable development, especially in countries with high levels of exposure and vulnerability to natural hazards.
However, although many countries have developed policies and strategies to reduce the impact of natural hazards, the need for more integrated approaches to effectively reduce the risk to disasters is still largely unmet. In addition, there are very few efforts that assess the effectiveness of such risk reduction activities.
The RRI seeks to fill an important gap in our understanding of disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA), by generating evidence, knowledge and concrete action plans that will help local administrations, national governments and relevant regional bodies to address the underlying risk factors, hence contributing to more effective risk management and, ultimately, to the decreased vulnerability of people with regards to natural hazards.