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The crisis and the response
Prolonged drought, increased insecurity, further displacement, worsening restrictions on humanitarian access and high food pr ices have resulted in the worst food security situation since 1992.
US restrictions on funding operations in al-Shabab-controlled areas – and an overall cut in US humanitarian funds for Somalia – caused operational cutbacks in south and central Somalia.
The operational environment worsened: extortion and insecurity led a further reduction in international staffing, forcing more INGOs to operate remotely from Nairobi through Somali partners.
Approximately two-thirds of those in need of food were reached in the first half of 2009, but only 44 percent in the second half .
The humanitarian response is generally insufficient, ineffective in most sectors, often provided too late, based on inaccurate data and not provided uniformly and impartially to vulnerable populations.
By October 2010, the 2010 CAP is 60 percent covered.
Frustrated at politicisation of the response and uncritical donor support of the transitional government, many humanitarians want an end to UN ‘double-hatting’ and a separate HC post to advocate for more impartial addressing of humanitarian needs.
Humanitarians criticised donors for not robustly advocating for humanitarian access and GHD Principles.
Some donors are commended for understanding the need for programme flexibility in a volatile environment.
There are concerns about OCHA’s role as both coordinator and allocator of funding
Key challenges and areas for improvement
Donors should heed calls to support internally-driven reconciliation processes, rather than those which reflect regional and international political interests.
More donors should fund preparedness, maintenance of contingency stocks and building capacity of Somalis.
There is a need to clarify whether UN Security Council resolutions targeting terrorism are – as the US argues – applicable to humanitarian aid.