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The crisis and the response
Military operations against Islamic militants caused the world’s largest displacement in over a decade: some 1.5 million IDPs have not returned.
International engagement in the crisis response has been limited due to government access restrictions and UN security procedures.
Military leadership of the response has created a dilemma: protest closure of humanitarian space or advocate for GHD Principles?
The response has often not been transparently needsbased: entitlements have not reached many female-headed households and some communities branded as terrorist sympathisers.
The government has downplayed the crisis and denied the applicability of international humanitarian law.
The cluster system has been misused to allocate funds, rather than coordinate. Meetings have been time consuming and often unproductive.
UN leadership has been disjointed: there are three senior officials with overlapping mandates.
There was a 72 percent response to the revised Pakistan Humanitarian Response Plan 2008-2009. As of October 2010, the 2010 PHRP is only 46 percent covered, with poor responses for protection, WASH and agriculture.
Many donors remain silent about human rights violations by state agents, coerced IDP returns and government reluctance to use established international humanitarian terminology.
Donors generally follow Pakistani policy by refusing to fund national NGOs.
The US and UK have funded non-transparent Pakistani military-led humanitarian and recovery operations.
Key challenges and areas for improvement
Donors must do more to collectively advocate for safe humanitarian access, protection of conflict-affected civilians and humanitarian workers.
Donors need to understand the root causes of Islamic militancy, especially poor governance and landlessness.
Generous support for early recovery – transparently delivered by civilian state actors – is imperative to secure local support for the War on Terror.
Donors could play a role in forging development of guidelines for civil-military cooperation.