Donor scores: Spain
Spain is ranked 16th in the 2008 HRI. Its top ranking is 11th in Pillar 2, which contrasts with 18th in Pillar 4. Spain ranked first in the indicator for timely funding to sudden onset disasters and IFRC emergency appeals, and 7th in distribution of funding relative to ECHO’s Crisis and Vulnerability Indices. However, it ranked 20th in implementing international humanitarian law, and 19th for funding forgotten emergencies and those with low media coverage. Compared to other donors, Spain has mixed results from the survey. It scored above average in particular in questions relating to support for community disaster preparedness and resilience. It also was perceived as doing well in ongoing and predictable funding to crises. However, in many other questions it scored below average, including questions relating to the reallocation of funding from one crisis to another, donor capacity to make informed decisions, support for the role of the UN and the ICRC, and questions regarding support for learning and accountability initiatives and encouraging regular evaluations. Spain has recently increased its levels of assistance and is more actively engaged with the humanitarian sector, although the results of this are not necessarily reflected in this year’s HRI.